Urinalysis is one of the most common research methods. From time to time, we all have to take it. And get scared when the doctor suddenly demands to “retake” him. During the study, doctors pay attention to physical characteristics, chemical composition and study the sediment under a microscope. What will the urinalysis tell about?
Of the parameters of the chemical composition, the most important in the general analysis of urine are the content of protein, glucose, nitrites, bilirubin, urobilinogen, ketone bodies, hemoglobin, as well as the determination of pH.
What will tell the most popular analysis. Video. Analysis of urine
Urine Reaction (pH)
For urine, a mild acid reaction is normal, but this figure can range from 4.5-8. A slightly alkaline reaction is normal for people whose diet contains a large amount of greenery, fresh fruit. But more often this picture is observed in patients after profuse vomiting, increased levels of potassium in the blood, hyperparathyroidism, prolonged use of diuretics. A decrease in pH may result from dehydration, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure, urolithiasis, or fever. Continue reading