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Kalman syndrome (KS) is a rare genetic disease in humans. It is determined by the delay, the absence of signs of puberty in combination with the absence or violation of the sense of smell.
Diagnosis of the syndrome is often difficult, since up to adolescence in a child, symptoms may be unexpressed or absent altogether. The absence of pubertal changes that are detected by visual examination is important in diagnosing the patient’s condition. In addition, other diagnostic tests are performed to detect, first of all, decreased smell, genetic mutations or structural disorders of the endocrine glands that can cause similar symptoms.
The most distinctive feature that usually prompts patients to seek medical attention is a partial or complete absence of puberty. Men may report symptoms such as decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, decreased muscle mass, and decreased aggressiveness. Continue reading
Known sweeteners are honey and sugar. They are compared, determining which product is better. Sweet additives have common characteristics and are significantly different. What is more useful: honey or sugar? Each product has advantages and disadvantages. Let us examine what is common and different between them.
Honey and sugar are carbohydrates. Both have two sugars in their composition – glucose and fructose. The difference is in quantity. Honey contains 40% fructose and 30% glucose. In sugar – 50% fructose and glucose.
Glycemic index. This is a relative measure of the effect of carbohydrates in foods on changes in blood glucose. In sugar, it is higher, so its level rises faster when consumed. This is explained by a large amount of fructose content and the absence of trace elements. After consuming sugar, a sharp energy jump occurs. It is accompanied by a breakdown, causes fatigue, headache and reduces concentration.
Calorie content. In this indicator, honey is superior to sugar. It is more high-calorie: one tablespoon – 64 calories. There are 49 of them in sugar. But each of the sweeteners should be consumed in moderation to avoid weight gain, to prevent the development of chronic diseases and dental problems. Continue reading
Autumn is the time of mass diseases (flu, colds). I think everyone wondered: what would be done so as not to get sick? But before answering this question, it’s worth understanding why we are generally ill.
There are at least five causes of diseases in modern man. First of all, this is stress. According to average statistics, the largest number of sick leave is issued on Monday – the most stressful day of the week, and the smallest – on Friday. Indeed, stress is a direct way to weaken human immunity. Constant stress during the day, which is also associated with a change in the light regime in the fall (late dawn, early sunset), leads to the vulnerability of the body’s protective organs.
The second reason is our subconscious. Admit it, it is often so annoying to get up early every morning, rush through traffic jams to work, load yourself with a lot of things. The self-hypnosis mode is turned on, subconsciously we want to get sick, find a way to change the difficult daily routine. We randomly get caught in the wind, in cold rooms with powerful air conditioners, get wet, and then get sick. Continue reading