How to solve problems on the “lower floor”
The exact causes of this, as, indeed, of any other cancer, are not fully understood. But one thing is clear: colon and rectal cancer is a disease of civilization. In those parts of the world where people still earn their livelihood by hunting and fishing, where it is customary to move around not on wheels, but on their own, where the air is saturated with smells of earth and grass, not gasoline and asphalt, this ailment and rumor did not hear.
Of great importance in the development of the disease is nutrition. The “Western” diet, which is based on animal fats, refined foods and preservatives, slows down the movement of contents through the intestines. Toxins that linger in the body for a long time cause dysbiosis and liver dysfunction – ailments that often accompany colon cancer.
The United States leads the list of countries unsuccessful for this disease (half a million people suffer from cancer there), as well as Canada, Israel and Australia. All these are traditionally meat countries. While in India, Latin America, China, Japan and other Asian countries, which prefer vegetarian food, as well as seafood, this disease is a rarity. The fact is that meat and animal fats accelerate the growth of intestinal bacteria that produce carcinogens. And in fried or smoked harmful substances even more. In plant foods, however, there is a lot of fiber that improves intestinal motility, as well as antioxidant vitamins A, C and E, which have anticarcinogenic properties.
Patients – Persist!
At the initial stages, a formidable disease may not manifest itself in any way: unless with an unstable stool and “heaviness” in the rectum. But not every person is so attentive to himself to notice this. In addition, such minor symptoms are often attributed to the so-called irritable bowel syndrome, and the allocation of blood from the anus to hemorrhoids. While the last symptom is a direct indication for examining the entire colon (colonoscopy). Unfortunately, even specialists do not always insist on this study, limiting themselves to a simple finger examination. Therefore, it is important for patients to be persistent.
To detect hemorrhoids, anoscopy or rectoscopy is enough (examination with a special apparatus of the lower rectum). The most informative method is colonoscopy, in which the inner shell of the entire organ, from the rectum to the cecum, is examined using flexible endoscopic tubes-fibers. Even in the absence of any complaints after 40 years, each person needs to carry out this procedure. If, fortunately, no signs of an existing or impending disease in the future are detected, then the experiment can be repeated in 3-5 years and then it should be done regularly with the same frequency. If something suspicious is discovered – for example, polyps, then it will be necessary to begin treatment and continue to be examined annually. People of retirement age should undergo endoscopic diagnosis of the colon annually.
The chances of recovery are great
Once a well-known English morphologist Duchs, who devoted his life to developing a percentage prognosis for recovery for patients depending on the stage of cancer, was asked what he would do if he got colon cancer. He replied that at first he would find a good surgeon, then he would ask him to get a good night’s sleep before the operation, and then he would entrust his life to him.
Today, huge progress has been made in the field of surgical treatment of colon cancer. Therefore, in most patients, the chances of recovery are quite high. Especially when compared with the 80s when every second patient died after surgery on the rectum or colon. Today, surgeons with advanced microsurgical technology survive 80% of patients. So do not despair and give up!
Although it is best, of course, to prevent the disease in the bud. When colonoscopy reveals the so-called adenomatous or villous polyps in the colon (the former are considered relatively safe, and the latter subsequently inevitably develop into a cancerous tumor), it is enough to simply remove these neoplasms and thereby prevent a terrible disease. This is done endoscopically (through the anus) under general anesthesia.
What is ostomy surgery
At the initial stage of the disease, when the tumor has not yet gone beyond the mucous membrane, it is also possible to endoscopically remove part of the mucosa or part of the intestinal wall with the underlying fiber. The result of such an operation is a 100% recovery.
If the tumor has grown into the submucosal layer, the probability of penetration of cancer cells into neighboring lymph nodes is very high. In this case, performing an endoscopic operation is risky – radical intervention is necessary to resect (remove) a part of the organ. The success of the operation is largely dependent on the amount of intervention.