Giants’ problems, or “Uncle, get a little sparrow!”
The beauty of a man is usually associated with his article. With his height. None of the boys want to be a little finger boy. Everyone wants to be tall. A tall man is considered an advantage. But it turns out that too high growth is not always good, because serious problems can develop because of it. A recent study confirmed this again.
Of course, the concept of normal growth is a relative concept, and depends on heredity and some other life factors. The average height of women on the planet is 1.54 m and men – 1.65 m. If a man grows above two meters and a woman taller than 1.90 m, there is reason to check your health with an endocrinologist. On the other hand, when growing below 1.30 m, it also makes sense to consult a specialist.
Too small or too tall people suffer a lot of inconvenience, for example, problems with choosing clothes or riding on public transport. But, most importantly, all people of excessively high growth sooner or later have health problems.
See also: “Orphan children.” Why aren’t they getting smaller?
Giants are very vulnerable
When a teenager grows extremely fast and outpaces his peers before puberty (that is, until about 20 years), then he usually develops gigantism. First, let’s dwell on external signs. Most often men are affected by this disease. They grow in height, while remaining symmetrical and proportional. Such people are often invited to sports teams, but, in fact, it is advisable for them to carefully monitor their health through regular examinations by an endocrinologist.
If even after reaching the puberty, people continue to grow, becoming giants, then most likely we are talking about acromegaly. This disease is very dangerous. In the beginning, it develops slowly – just a person grows, sometimes not quite harmoniously. First of all, the limbs are sometimes lengthened so that the head seems disproportionate to the body. There is partial gigantism in which only certain parts of the body, such as legs or feet, increase. If the matter was limited to one disproportionate appearance, then this is not so bad.
There are whole undersized peoples, such as, for example, the well-known pygmies, whose tallest man is unlikely to approach 150 cm. There are also whole nations with a height much higher than average. For example, the tallest people on Earth are the African Tutsi tribe with an average height of 1.76 cm.
But patients with acromegaly have serious health problems: general weakness, pain, vision deteriorates, and sensitivity in the hands is impaired. In the future, the disease begins to cause terrible suffering: joint aches appear to such an extent that some people become unable to move, experiencing terrible pains throughout the body. Acromegaly promotes the development of cardiovascular failure, high blood pressure and even cancer. Moreover, in patients with acromegaly, sexual desire is significantly reduced.
Sometimes a very high growth is accompanied by congenital underdevelopment of the sex glands. A similar disease is called Kleinfelter’s syndrome. The disease is diagnosed during puberty, when doctors observe the absence of secondary sexual characteristics in boys – there is no vegetation on the face, fat appears on the hips. This disease is called eunuchoidism. In this case, patients usually achieve very high growth, not always proportional, and the voice becomes very high. Sometimes, in connection with Kleinfelter’s syndrome, patients develop mental retardation.
The next disease, which externally manifests itself in changes in the skeleton – high growth with a relatively short body with long arachnid fingers – is called Marfan syndrome. This is a hereditary disease that affects connective tissue, eyes and causes abnormalities in the human cardiovascular system. The life expectancy of patients with this disease is greatly reduced. But, it is believed that the increased release of adrenaline, which occurs due to illness, contributes to the emergence of some people with special strength of mind and mental giftedness. It is believed that at one time, Abraham Lincoln, Nikola Tesla, Niccolo Paganini, Charles de Gaulle, K.I. Chukovsky, G.-H. Andersen and Bin Laden suffered from this disease.
One of the health problems that can appear in very tall people is the deterioration of blood flow in the limbs. A recent study by Norwegian scientists proves that every 10 cm of male growth increases the risk of venous blood clots by 34%. For the fair sex, this figure increases by only 13%. Such data were collected during the study, which involved about 27,000 people aged 25 to 96 years.