Why “grapes” grew in the nose
Doctors, speaking of polypous rhinosinusitis (the disease is so correctly called), always mention a bunch of grapes. Like, polyps in the nose are very similar to her in shape. However, the similarity ends here: unlike grapes, polyps do not promise any pleasant sensations. On the contrary, they noticeably worsen the quality of life of the sick person with this ailment.
The main thing is not to miss the moment
Polyps are a benign tumor that begins to grow in the sinuses and descends into the nasal cavity, blocking the respiratory passage. This causes not only breathing problems, but also chronic fatigue, and sometimes even hearing loss. Unfortunately, “catching” the disease at its source is quite difficult. The formation of polyps is a process that can take several years. And at first, people simply do not attach importance to minor ailments like a mild runny nose and a slight stuffy nose. A doctor is usually consulted when more serious symptoms appear:
Nasal congestion does not disappear when using drops and sprays. Air enters only through the mouth – nasal breathing is almost completely blocked. The sense of smell decreases, and eventually disappears altogether. Often, a violation of taste sensations is added to this: the food seems to be made from cotton wool, devoid of any flavor. Due to polyps in the nose, a favorable environment is created for the propagation of pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, there are nasal discharge – mucous or purulent, frequent colds torment. In some cases, there is a foreign body sensation in the nose. Many complain of headaches or sinus pain.
If you encounter any of these problems, be sure to visit an ENT doctor. Polyps are easy to detect during routine inspection. For a more accurate diagnosis, a specialist can send you to a CT scan of the sinuses. This study gives an idea of how common polyps are, how many they are and in what specific places they grow.
Why polyps are formed, no one can reliably say. But the list of “suspects” is quite wide. The first place in it is occupied by chronic diseases caused by infection: sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, rhinitis. A person suffering from them, especially if he has not received timely treatment, has an inflammatory process in his sinuses. The task of the mucous membrane is to compensate for it, to overcome the infection. At first, she successfully copes with this. But if a person is not treated for a long time, the forces of the mucosa are depleted, and the body tries to cope with inflammation, increasing its area. The growth of the mucous membrane is the very polyps that prevent us from breathing normally.
The same thing happens if a person has hay fever, bronchial asthma and other allergic diseases. They also cause inflammation and cause the mucosa to grow in size.
And finally, another cause of polyposis is a violation in the structure of the nose: curvature of the septum, narrowness of the nasal passages, etc. They make it difficult to drain the contents from the sinuses, creating conditions for the development of chronic diseases. Then everything goes along an already familiar chain: inflammation – the appearance of polyps – respiratory failure.
How to get rid
There are both surgical and drug treatments for polyps. But, unfortunately, most often people turn to specialists when growths are already large. In this case, the drugs are powerless, surgery is needed. There are several ways to carry it out. Which one? – This is up to the doctor.
And then what?
After the doctor does his job, after the operation you have to look after your nose, and in a special way. Be patient. Use seawater-based nasal hygiene products or prepared saline solutions sold by pharmacies.
And remember: only combination therapy helps to get rid of polyps for a long time. They had surgery – now is the time for medication. At six months after the intervention, doctors must prescribe special ones. These are hormonal drugs, but you should not be afraid to use them. They practically do not have a general effect on the body, but they actively inhibit the re-growth of polyps.
The main task after treatment is to regularly visit the otolaryngologist so as not to accidentally miss a new growth of polyps. Be sure to monitor the state of immunity and try not to catch a cold. If you have an allergy, an allergist is also on the mandatory list of preventive measures. He will select the appropriate treatment.
Do not be ill.
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