Is it just one step from a workaholic to an alcoholic?
The problem of the relationship between hard work and increased alcohol consumption is not new. Even Nekrasov in the poem “To whom it is good to live in Russia” wrote: “He works to death, drinks to death.” But if the first question is “Who is to blame?” the answer is easy: stress, processing, desire to relax – then the second, “What to do?” requires a more serious conversation.
Excessive passion for work can cause the development of alcohol addiction! European scientists have identified a connection between the problem of workaholism and the possible development of alcohol dependence. In a large-scale study of Finnish scientists led by Dr. Marianna Virtanen of the Institute of Occupational Health (Helsinki), it turned out: the more time a person spends in the workplace, the more often he abuses alcohol.
Scientists have found that increasing the number of working hours per week increases alcohol consumption by 11-13%. In addition, it turned out: people working 49-54 hours a week are more likely to be at risk for alcohol addiction with such concomitant diseases as diabetes, cirrhosis, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Workaholics are prone to these diseases an average of 13% more often than those who work 35-40 hours a week. This must be remembered to someone who is used to “relieve stress” after a working day with a glass of another strong drink.
When is alcohol addiction
When should a person seriously think about the possible development of alcohol dependence? Tells Tatyana Agibalova, MD Head of the Department of Psychotherapy and Medical and Social Rehabilitation of the Federal Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russia: “10 milliliters of pure alcohol – the so-called standard dose – is contained in 100 ml of wine, 250 ml of beer or 40 ml of strong drinks (vodka, cognac, etc.) ). You can talk about the development of the disease when a person exceeds the weekly “threshold” of 21 standard doses for men and 14 for women. Thus, if you are a man and drink a bottle of vodka or cognac 0.75 L in a week. , a very quite possible that already are in a group at risk of alcoholism. ”
The problem of the relationship between hard work and increased alcohol consumption is not new. Even Nekrasov in the poem “To whom it is good to live in Russia” wrote: “He works to death, drinks to death.” But if the first question is “Who is to blame?” the answer is easy: stress, processing, desire to relax – then the second, “What to do?” requires a more serious conversation. Of course, ideally, it would be nice to finish the working day exactly when it is stipulated by the contract. However, now, in a difficult economic situation, many are afraid of losing their jobs – and take on an unbearable burden. At the same time, however, even more risking losing his job: for some time a person can still stay “on the banks”, but soon enough the quality of the work being done decreases – the addiction becomes obvious to colleagues.
There is only one way out: at the first suspicion that the desire to relax after work began to be painful, you need to see a doctor. But only 3% of Russians resort to this method on their own or at the request of loved ones. Tatyana Agibalova, commenting on the problem, notes: “The unwillingness of many who need help to see a doctor is understandable. The main factor in refusing medical care is a strict ban on drinking alcohol. Therefore, a new European approach that does not prohibit alcohol consumption at all, but proposes to reduce alcohol consumption with direct monitoring of the patient himself, it would be quite in demand in our country, in which case a person can independently regulate alcohol consumption, lowering dose, but without giving up alcohol completely. ” For a super-responsible and enthusiastic workaholic, this option would be the best way out of the vicious circle of “stress at work – a glass – increased stress – increased doses”.