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Are you planning a digestive exam? The exact diagnosis often depends on the correct behavior of the patient. We’ll have to starve for eight or even ten hours. For some, such limitations are a great test. The essence of the methods of gastroscopy and ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and the rules for preparing for them are told by endoscopist Maxim Punutyan.
Do not eat 8-10 hours
During gastroscopy, the doctor examines the upper sections of the gastrointestinal tract: the esophagus, stomach and duodenum using a special device – an endoscope. It is a long thin flexible tube with a diameter of about 2 cm with a lens at the end. The image is transmitted through a special fiber to the eyepiece into which the doctor is looking. In order for the gastroscopy procedure to proceed correctly, the following recommendations must be observed. 2-3 days before the study, it is necessary to abandon the use of spicy dishes and strong alcoholic drinks. It is very important that the patient should not eat or drink for 8-10 hours before gastroscopy. Continue reading
Can tuberculosis be cured in the second decade of the 21st century? What is the most common infection today? Is the prevalence of this disease increasing or decreasing? These and other questions for MedPulse are answered by TB doctor Leonid Potapov
– How is a modern Russian most often infected with tuberculosis?
– In the vast majority of cases, tuberculosis infection occurs in childhood. That is why already in the maternity hospital, on the 4-7th day after birth, infants are vaccinated against this disease. It is believed that they provide protection against tuberculosis for about seven years, so re-vaccinations are given to children at 6-7, and then at 14-15 years old.
– Nevertheless, in recent years, there have been more and more tuberculosis patients in our country. How can you explain this? Continue reading
Many learned about mutation tests in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes after the statement of Angelina Jolie, who made a mastectomy. However, such a radical solution to the problem is not for everyone. There are more gentle ways to prevent cancer. Which ones exactly?
Eliminate Cancer Threat
The BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are anti-oncogenes, or tumor suppressors. Their role in the body is to control the growth of cells in the mammary gland. However, if there are mutations in these genes, then they may not be able to cope with the protective function. Thus, the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer is significantly increased. The same Angelina Jolie had a breast cancer risk of 87%, after which she decided to get rid of her breast as a source of danger. Continue reading